french roulette

French Roulette vs American Roulette Game

When it comes to wheel games in the casino, roulette has got to be the highly favored of them all. The wheel itself is the most important element to the game ever since its first introduction in 1796. True, the wheels you will see at the casinos nowadays have been improved, however the they operate the same way they did back in the 18th century. Roulette is a brilliant invention made by the French, and just to add how important the wheel is to the game, the French meaning behind the game actually means “little wheel”.

Roulette is an amazing game and contains a lot of action. Learning the rules is also pretty simple for those who are new to the game, and yet, it’s still capable of handling different betting types. No matter what strategies are used or what your goals are, this game is enjoyed by many people around the globe.  With a huge growth over the years, there have been some different variations made to the game. Some of the most popular types are the American, French and European tables. With that said, we’ll be discussing some of the major differences between the French and American roulette tables as well as the table layouts for each of them.

French Roulette Table Layout

If you’re not familiar with the French style of roulette, let’s go ahead and discuss the French roulette table layout to give you an idea of how it looks. Most of the casinos you’ll find in Europe have the French wheel, which got very popular right after the French Revolution. The French wheel has 37 colored slots with the numbers going from 0 – 36. The American version on the other hand has 38 slots because an extra slot was added to the wheel, which is 00. Although the two variations may look the same, the odds are different from each other. In fact, the house edge for the French version is really low at 1.35%. Out of the 3 major roulette games, this  one has the lowest house favor. As mentioned before, the French wheel has a single zero like the European version. One thing that’s different about the number sequence on the wheel compared to the American version is that the numbers are not in consecutive order, but instead they are random. Here’s what the number sequence on the wheel looks like below:

  • 0-32-15-19-4-21-2-25-17-34-6-27-13-36-11-30-8-23-10-5-24-16-33-1-20-14-31-9-22-18-29-7-28-12-35-3-26

The table layout is different from other roulette tables. The French table’s layout is expanded on both sides as compared to the others which are only on one side. The boxes where you make your bets are on both sides so the numbers are available for inside bets. The two boxes where color bets take place feature diamond shapes that are black and red. It’s also easy to identify a French table as the boxes for betting inside are written in French. For example, instead of saying even/odd, it says pair/impair, and the low/high text is written manqué/passe.

Also, the French version has a couple set of rules that the others don’t have, which are called the La Partage and the En Prison rules. This is one of the major differences from the French and American versions. The En Prison rule is a benefit for the players as they are able to get half of their wagers in return if the ball lands on a ‘0’. La Partage is even better t because it gives a chance to choose between getting either half of your bet back right away, or keeping it on the table for the next spin.


American Roulette Table Layout

Now that you’ve learned about the French table layout, let’s go ahead and take a look at the American roulette table layout. Just to give you a quick history lesson on how the American version came about, back in the late 18th century, French immigrants came to Louisiana, New Orleans and introduced the game to them, which later became a well-known gambling area in the southern U.S. At first, the casinos in America didn’t care much for the game as the house edge was low, so they decided to add another slot with double zero on the wheel to give the house a better edge. At first, the American version offered a single zero, double zero and an American eagle on the wheel. Also, the numbers only ranged from 1 – 28 giving the house a bigger edge at 12.9% for single number bets.

When comparing the European version to other versions, the American version takes the cake having the highest house edge at 5.26%. The thing that makes the house edge higher than others is the extra green slot featuring the two digits ‘00’. Since the wheel contains an extra number, the total number of slots on it is 38 and the number sequence looks like this.

  • 0-28-9-26-30-11-7-20-32-17-5-22-34-15-3-24-36-13-1-00-27-10-25-29-12-8-19-31-18-6-21-33-16-4-23-35-14-2

The numbers on the wheel are configured this way in order to give a balance between the black and red colors, the high and low numbers as well as the even and odd numbers.


Now that you have learned a little bit about the American and French versions of roulette, we encourage you to try out our roulette tables. We offer various free roulette tables that are suitable for all types of players. Whether you’re an experienced player or a beginner, we have a table just for you. Not only is it great practice before hitting up the real casino, but it’s a whole lot of fun and can be played anywhere you’d like, 24/7. We also have some really great incentives to help get you started as well as a support team who’s available to assist you at all times.

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